Travel Clinics of America is your best choice for receiving high-quality pre-travel care, sound travel advice, and peace of mind.

Immigrants Visiting Friends & Relatives

If you are an immigrant to the United States from a developing country returning home to Visit Friends and Relatives (VFR), you are at a higher risk for becoming ill than tourists.


You may not be aware that your naturally-acquired immunity to life-threatening diseases like malaria, decreases with time spent away from your birth country.


Increased risk of travel diseases


Travel-related infectious diseases, such as typhoid fever, malaria, tuberculosis, and Hepatitis A are more common in VFRs than in other groups of international travelers for several reasons.


  • VFRs tend to have longer trips and travel to higher risk destinations.
  • VFRs are more likely to stay in private homes where it may be more difficult to adhere to safety precautions.
  • VFRs are less likely to consult with travel physicians.


Avoid disease and illness


  • Decrease your risk of becoming ill by consulting with a travel physician before you travel.
  • Travel immunization recommendations for you, an immigrant going home, are the same as for other international travelers.
  • If you have your childhood immunizations records, bring them to your travel clinic appointment. If you do not have records, you can be tested for immunity to some diseases (i.e. Hepatitis A). Without documentation of vaccination or testing, you are considered non-immune.
  • Older anti-malaria drugs, such as chloroquine, proguanil, and pyrimethamine, sometimes used outside of the U.S., are often not effective. For the best protection against malaria, it is recommended to use current medications prescribed by a travel physician.
  • Fill your prescriptions in the U.S. Medications purchased abroad may be counterfeit or substandard.


Prepare for contingencies


  • Evaluate your U.S. medical insurance. Consider purchasing supplemental medical insurance if your policy does not provide sufficient international coverage.

Travel Clinics of America is no longer in business and no longer taking any more clients. Please feel free to use any information as a valuable resource.