Are you Traveling to Africa?

Travel immunization for AfricaWhen you travel out of the continent, it's wise to expect the unexpected. Being far away from home means there is a risk of contracting disease. The physicians at Travel Clinics of America can help you get the appropriate travel shots and teach you about diseases common at your specific destination.

Recommendations for travel

Immunizations Find a travel clinic
Immunizations Make sure that your routine immunizations are
up to date.
Immunizations Review travel immunizations in the table below which may be recommended for your travel to Africa.




Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A, transmitted through contaminated food and water, is the most common vaccine-preventable disease. Vaccination against Hepatitis A virtually eliminates the risk of the disease. It is given as a series of 2 shots, 6 months apart.

Hepatitis A vaccine

Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is a serious viral diseases transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes. The disease varies from mild to severe causing liver failure. Yellow fever can be prevented by vaccination and avoidance of mosquitoes. NOTE: Proof of vaccination (International Certificate of Vaccination) against yellow fever may be required for travel to and from some of the countries in Africa

Yellow fever vaccine


Meningococcal meningitis is a very series bacterial infection of the brain. It is transmitted from person-to-person through respiratory secretions and saliva. The disease occurs everywhere in the world but the incidence of meningococcal disease is highest in the - meningitis belt - of sub-Saharan Africa. Meningitis vaccine is the best protection against this serious disease. NOTE: Proof of vaccination against meningococcal disease is required for persons traveling to Mecca during the annual Hajj and Umrah pilgrimage.

Meningitis vaccine

Typhoid Fever

Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection. It occurs worldwide but is more common in developing countries. Typhoid is transmitted by contaminated food. The Typhoid vaccine is by far the best protection for the travelers traveling to developing countries.

Typhoid vaccine

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B, a serious viral illness, is transmitted through blood products, contaminated medical instruments (such as during an emergency surgery) and unprotected sex. Some travelers, such as adventure travelers, Peace Corps volunteers, missionaries, and military personnel, may be at increased risk for infection. Generally given over 6 months, the Hepatitis vaccine also may be given on an accelerated schedule over 21 days.

Hepatitis B vaccine


Polio is spread from person to person — and through contaminated food and water. Travelers to Kenya, Nigeria and other countries in Africa may be advised to get a polio booster.

Polio vaccine


Rabies is characteristically transmitted by the bite or scratch from rabid infected animals. Travelers to rural areas for extended periods of time, children, and those in close contact with animals are at a higher risk for rabies and should discuss receiving a prophylactic anti-rabies vaccination with a travel physician. This vaccination involves a series of three injections, given over 3-4 weeks.

Rabies vaccine

Additional considerations

  • Travelers' Diarrhea can ruin a trip. Your Travel Clinics of America physician can prescribe an antibiotic self-treatment for travelers' diarrhea, and discuss whether taking prophylactic medications is advisable for you.
  • Malaria, a potentially life-threatening disease transmitted by mosquitoes, is common in many countries in Africa. A Travel Clinics of America physician can select the appropriate medications to prevent malaria and to take in the event that you contract malaria while traveling in Africa.
  • Dengue fever is transmitted by infected mosquitoes. There is no vaccine or medication to prevent this disease. Therefore, it is important to use mosquito repellant during the day to decrease the risk of the disease.
  • Chikungunya fever is also transmitted by infected mosquitoes. There is no vaccine or medication to prevent this disease, so it is important to use mosquito repellant to decrease the risk of this disease as well.
  • Schistosomiasis is a parasitic infection from swimming in contaminated bodies of fresh water. We can advise about what prescription medications are recommended for treatment if you contract schistosomiasis while in an African country.

Key Points

Immunizations Your specific itinerary dictates which additional vaccines you need to protect your health during your trip.
Immunizations As soon as you know that you are traveling in Africa — whether for business or pleasure - contact Travel Clinics of America. We will make sure that you have the vaccination protection and advice you need.

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